As climate goals are increasingly difficult to reach, energy experts are recommending four new technologies to slow the pace of climate change. These technologies are Carbon-negative, use wind and solar power, and have become more affordable and accessible globally. Listed below are some of the best technologies to fight climate change.
One of the most promising carbon-negative technologies is bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). This technology uses organic materials to create electricity. Although biomass fuels are naturally lower in emissions than fossil fuels, they still emit carbon when they are burned. BECCS technology captures this emissions and stores them underground. This can help combat climate change, but it’s not without its risks. Until then, carbon-negative technologies are still in the very early stages.
Ground-source heat pumps
As the climate-change mitigation market continues to grow, cities can take a leadership role and push the use of ground-source heat pumps as a key element of their energy strategies. The Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act Implementation Advisory Committee has recommended that a million homes be converted by 2030 to heat pumps. The Colorado 2020 GHG Pollution Reduction Roadmap targets the conversion of 200,000 homes.
Off-grid offshore wind farms
Off-grid offshore wind farms are the most efficient way to combat climate change. As the world’s population continues to grow, we need to replace fossil fuels with clean energy. Unfortunately, the transition is not occurring quickly enough to stop global warming. We have pumped so much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere that we will need to either remove that carbon from the air or permanently lock it away. Off-grid offshore wind farms are ideally positioned to do both, and save us money while we do it.
The technology is not only a good way to reduce the amount of fossil fuels used, but it also offers a range of benefits for energy consumers. It can be used to store excess energy produced by solar panels and then redeployed when the demand for electricity increases. Solar microgrids are a great way to combat climate change and are one of the most promising technologies for addressing energy consumer pain points.
Hydrogen fuel cells
As a renewable energy source, hydrogen fuel cells are a fantastic choice for vehicles. They produce no greenhouse gases, which are a major contributor to global warming. Cars that run on gasoline emit large quantities of carbon dioxide, which traps in the ozone layer for thousands of years. Hydrogen fuel cells produce water vapor as their only emission, meaning that their exhaust has zero effect on global warming.
If the current rate of vehicle electrification is any indication, electric vehicles will not meet the UK’s 2050 goal of zero emissions by 2035. However, electrification of non-road vehicles will help to curb harmful emissions, including nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds. According to the report, electrification of non-road vehicles will lower emissions primarily because of reduced emissions from industrial forklifts, port cranes, and cargo trucks.